词汇

2020考研英语词根+例句详解:fect/fact/fac/fic表示做

来源:跨考2019-09-17

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  考研英语大纲中要求考生掌握5500左右的词汇和相关词组,这是一个非常庞大的工程量,而且我们还要掌握词汇生成的基本知识,如词根、词源、词缀等。鉴于词汇是考研英语复习的基础,跨考教育小编为大家整理了常考词根和例句详解,具体了解一下吧。

  第十组. fect/fact/fac/fic表示做

  effect

  n. 1.advantage; avail结果;效果;影响

  2. the basic or general meaning印象;主旨

  vt. to produce as a result. 招致;实现;达到

  【链接】efficient a.有效的,效率高的;有能力的,能胜任的

  【真题重现】2002 Text 3

  In Europe, taxes account for up to four-fifths of the retail price, so even quite big changes in the price of crude have a more muted effect on pump prices than in the past. 在欧洲,税金在汽油零售价的比例高达五分之四,因此,即使原油价格发生很大的波动,汽油价格所受的影响也不会像过去那么显著。

  muted . 表示静静的,减轻的:muted voice 轻声

  (of emotions, opinions, etc. 情感、意见等) not strongly expressed 含糊不清的;表达不明确的: The proposals received only a muted response. 这个倡议没有得到明确的回应。

  2009 翻译46

  It may be said that the measure of the worth of any social institution is its effect in enlarging and improving experience;

  effective

  a. 1. having an intended or expected effect有效的

  2. producing a strong impression or response striking深刻印象的,惊人的

  3. operative; in effect有效的

  4. existing in fact; actual实在的,实际的

  efficient adj. 高效率的;有能力的

  efficiency n. 效率

  inefficient

  a. 1. not efficient无效的,无能的

  2. lacking the ability; incompetent不称职的

  【真题重现】2005 Cloze Test

  The explanation for insensitivity to smell seems to be that the brain finds it inefficient to keep all smell receptors working all the time but can create new receptors if necessary.

  effortless

  a. calling for, requiring, or showing little or no effort毫不费力

  【真题连线】2000 Passage 1

  A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force.

  defect n.

  defective

  a. having a defect; faulty有缺点的;不完善的

  n. one that is physically or mentally deficient有缺陷的人,身心不健全的人

  defeat

  v. 1. overcome战胜(某人);击败

  2. be puzzling for (sb); baffle使(某人)困惑;难住

  3. stop from becoming reality; thwart使不能实现;阻挠;挫败

  【链接】defeat n.击败;失败;defeatism n.失败主义;defeatist n.失败主义者

  【真题连线】2001 Passage 2

  Of course, the use of the Internet isn’t the only way to defeat poverty.

  sufficient

  a. 1.being as much as is needed 充足的

  2.competent; qualified 有能力的;合格的

  【链接】sufficiently ad.足够地,充分地

  【真题连线】2002 Text 4

  Nancy Dubler, director of Montefiore Medical Center, contends that the principle will shield doctors who “until now have very, very strongly insisted that they could not give patients sufficient mediation to control their pain if that might hasten death.”

  superficial a. 1.表面的2.肤浅的3.trivial; insignificant 微小的;无关紧要的

  【链接】superfluous a.多余的,过剩的,过量的

  补充:super 表示超,在上面

  superb★

  a. 1.excellent质量极高的;优秀的

  2.majestic;imposing威严的;壮丽的

  3.luxurious丰盛的;豪华的

  superior★

  a. 1.上级的;2.较好的;3.突出的4.较多的5.上方的

  1.表示超supermarket supersonic 超音速

  superior 较好的,优秀的

  superior soccer skills;

  superfluous 多余的超过+流动superb 豪华的上等的 质量极高的in superb condition

  2,表示上

  supervision 监督

  superstructure 上层建筑

  supreme 至高无上的

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