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2014考研英语:新题型精选试题(一)

来源:跨考2013-04-02

  2014考研英语:新题型精选试题(一)

  In less than 30 years time the Star Trek holodeck will be a reality.Direct links between the brains nervous system and a computer will also create full sensory virtual environments,allowing virtual vacations like those in the film Total Recall.

  (71)There will be television chat shows hosted by robots,and cars with pollution monitors that will disable them when they offend. (72)Children will play with dolls equipped with personality chips.computers with in-built personalities will be regarded as workmates rather than tools,relaxation will be in front of smell-television,and digital age will have arrived.

  According to BT s futurologist,Ian Pearson,these are among the developments scheduled for the first few decades of the new millennium(a period of 1000 years),when supercomputers will dramatically accelerate progress in all areas of life.

  (73)Pearson has pieced together the work of hundreds of researchers around the world to produce a unique millennium technology calendar that gives the latest dates when we can expect hundreds or key breakthroughs and discoveries to take place.Some of the biggest developments will be in medicine,including an extended life expectancy and dozens of artificial organs coming into use between now and 2040.

  Pearson also predicts a breakthrough in computer-human links.“By linking directly to our nervous system, computers could pick up what we feel and,hopefully,simulate feeling too so that we can start to develop full sensory environments,rather like the holidays in Total Recall or the Star Trek holodeck,”he says.(74)But that,Pearson points out,is only the start of man-machine integration:“It will be the beginning of the long process of integration that will ultimately lead to a fully electronic human before the end of the next century.”

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  Through his research,Pearson is able to put dates to most of the breakthroughs that can be predicted.However,there are still no forecasts for when faster-that-light travel will be available,or when human cloning will be perfected,or when time travel will be possible.But he does expect social problems as a result of technological advances.A boom in neighborhood surveillance cameras will,for example,cause problems in2010,while the arrival of synthetic lifelike robots will mean people may not be able to distinguish between their human friends and the droids.(75)And home appliances will also become so smart that controlling and operating them will result in the breakout of a new psychological disorder—kitchen rage.

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  再过不到30年“星球旅行”太空平台将成为现实。大脑神经系统与计算机的直接连接也将创造出完全传感的实际环境,使得实际的度假和电影“全面回顾”中的度假一模一样。

  (71)届时,将出现由机器人主持的电视谈话节目以及装有污染监控器的汽车,一旦这些汽车排污超标(违规),监控器就会使其停驶。(72)儿童将与装有个性化芯片的玩具娃娃玩耍,具有个性内置的计算机将被视为工作伙伴而不是工具,人们将在气味电视前休闲,这时数字时代就来到了。

  根据英国电讯公司的未来学家伊恩•皮尔逊的看法,上述种种科研成就均属新千年的最初几十年内的开发项目之列,届时超级计算机将大大加快人类生活各个领域里的进步。

  (73)皮尔逊汇集世界各地数百位研究人员的成果,编制了一个独特的新技术千年历,它列出了人们有望看到达数百项重大突破和发现的最晚日期。一些最重大的开发将会发生在医学中,其中包括延长人的估计寿命和从现在到2040年间将投入使用的几十种人造器官。

  皮尔逊逊预言了电脑与人各种连接的突破。通过直接与我们的神经系统相连接,电脑能够了解到我们的感情并且有望激发我们的情感,这样我们就能着手开发完全传感的环境,更类似于电影“全面回顾”或“星球旅行”太空平台中的度假。(74)但皮尔逊指出,这个突破仅仅是人机一体化的开始:“它是人机一体化漫长之路的第一步,最终会使人们在下世纪末之前就研制出完全电子化的仿真人。”

  经过研究,皮尔迩确定可以预测到的大多数突破的日期。然而,仍然不能预报快于光速的旅行何时到来,或何时将完成克隆人,或何时可以实现遨游过去或将来的时间旅行。但皮尔逊确实预料到技术进步所引起的社会问题。例如,邻里电子监控摄像机的飞速推广将在2010年引起许多社会问题,而栩栩如生的人造机器人的问世将意味着人们可能无法把他们的真人朋友和这类机器人区别开来。(75)家用电器将会变得如此智能化,以至于控制和操作它们会引发一种新的心理疾病———厨房狂躁。

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