完形

2020考研决战暑期完型填空:逻辑关系法

来源:跨考2019-06-17

  暑期将至,考研英语讲迎来复习的黄金期。各位考生准备怎么样啦?下面跨考教育的帅波老师讲为大家带来英语知识运用题型的解题技巧,现在先明确等到暑期练习熟练的话会起到事半功倍的效果。今天帅波老师要给大家介绍的方法是逻辑关系法来搞定完型填空。

  那么,我们先来了解一下何为逻辑关系法呢?所谓逻辑关系法就是利用前后句以及上下段的逻辑关系来解题。那么,能看出逻辑关系最明显的词就是逻辑关系词。所以,大家要明确考研英语完型中的逻辑关系词。其中包含如下几大逻辑关系:并列关系、递进关系、因果关系、转折关系、让步关系、列举关系、对比关系、时间关系、条件关系、举例关系。下面大家来看一下真题中是如何考查这几种关系的:

  第一、并列关系:

  (1996)They do not provide energy, 41 do they construct or build any part of the body.

  41. [A] either [B] so [C] nor [D] never

  第二、递进关系:

  (2005)The explanation for insensitivity to smell seems to be that the brain finds it 14 to keep all smell receptors working all the time but can 15 new receptors if necessary. This may 16 explain why we are not usually sensitive to our own smells......

  16. [A] still [B] also [C] otherwise [D] nevertheless

  第三、因果关系:

  (2003)In these activities, it is important to remember that the young teens have 34 attention spans. A variety of activities should be organized 35 participants can remain active as long as they want and......

  35. [A] if only [B] now that [C] so that [D] even if

  第四、转折关系:

  (2002)It is generally recognized, 29 , that the introduction of the computer in the early 20th century, 30 by the invention of the integrated circuit during the 1960s, radically changed the process, 31 its impact on the media was not immediately 32 .

  29. [A] indeed [B] hence [C] however [D] therefore

  第五、让步关系:

  (2002)It is generally recognized, 29 , that the introduction of the computer in the early 20th century, 30 by the invention of the integrated circuit during the 1960s, radically changed the process, 31 its impact on the media was not immediately 32 .

  31. [A] unless [B] since [C] lest [D] although

  第六、列举关系:

  (1999)Successful safety programs may 45 greatly in the emphasis placed on certain aspects of the program. Some place great emphasis on mechanical guarding. Others stress safe work practices by 46 rules or regulations. 47 others depend on an emotional appeal to the worker.

  47. [A] Some [B]Many [C] Even [D] Still

  第七、对比关系:

  (2000)If a farmer wishes to succeed, he must try to keep a wide gap between his consumption and his production. He must store a large quantity of grain 41 consuming all his grain immediately.

  41. [A] other than [B] as well as [C] instead of [D]more than

  第八、时间关系:

  (1997) 42 industrial giants like General Motors and IBM struggle to survive 43 reducing

  the number of employees, Manpower, based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, is booming.

  42. [A] For [B] Because [C]As [D] Since

  第九、条件关系:

  (2000)He can continue to support himself and his family 42 he produces a surplus.

  42. [A] only if [B] much as [C] long before [D] ever since

  第十、举例关系:

  (2003)However, the typical teenage lifestyle is already filled with so much competition that it would be 27 to plan activities in which there are more winners than losers, 28 , publishing newsletters with many student-written book reviews, 29 student artwork, and sponsoring book discussion clubs.

  28. [A] in effect [B] as a result [C] for example [D] in a sense

  希望大家现在能够熟悉这些逻辑关系,对于完型填空中出现的这些逻辑关系非常好用,前提是大家要提前认识这些词,所以可以现在开始熟悉,为决战暑期做好准备。

  (本文为跨考教育教研室李波老师原创,转载请注明出处。)

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