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2020考研英语阅读解题思路之:【细节题】

来源:跨考2019-06-21

  对于考研英语来说有一点大家是比较明确的,那就是得英语者得考研,得阅读者,得英语。针对如此重要的模块,很多同学不知道到该如何下手,一直刷题没有重点也很难取得良好的效果。今天跨考教育小编整理了考研英语阅读解题思路,希望大家能够学以致用。

  “理解文章的具体信息和概念含义”是大纲对阅读的明确要求。细节题目的考查在每年的考研英语真题当中都会占到一半以上,考生必须给予足够重视,牢牢掌握细节题的解题方法和思路。我们以2009年的真题为例:

  The relationship between formal education and economic growth in poor countries is widely misunderstood by economists and politicians alike. Progress in both area is undoubtedly necessary for the social, political and intellectual development of these and all other societies; however, the conventional view that education should be one of the very highest priorities for promoting rapid economic development in poor countries is wrong. We are fortunate that it is, because building new educational systems there and putting enough people through them to improve economic performance would require two or three generations.

  31. The author holds that the importance of education in poor countries______.

  [A] is subject to groundless doubts

  [B] has fallen victim of bias

  [C] is conventional downgraded

  [D] has been overestimated

  解析:首先依据题干关键词the importance of education in poor countries定位到第一句The relationship between formal education and economic growth in poor countries is widely misunderstood,但是仔细研读后发现“贫穷国家中正规教育与经济发展之间的关系为经济学家及政治家们普遍误解。”,该句只是在说正式教育和经济发展之间的关系,并不是题干所要找的教育的重要性。继续定位到第三句however, the conventional view that education should be one of the very highest priorities for promoting rapid economic development in poor countries is wrong.那种认为“教育应该是促进贫穷国家经济快速发展的重要因素之一”的传统观点是错误的。句中涉及了和教育的重要性相关的信息,锁定为答案出处。作者说这种传统的观点时错误的,可以理解为作者认为贫困国家不应该把教育看的如此重要,即,现在的贫困国家太过于注重教育了,所以答案选[D] has been overestimated教育被高估了。[C] is conventional downgraded被降级轻视,和原文事实相反。A和B选项所说的怀疑和偏见态度在原文中找不到依据,可排除。

  考研英语阅读中的细节题是考生必须首先掌握的最重要题型,做题时一定要严格的按照题干定位的原则,找到问题的出处,再根据定位句核心信息匹配正确选项。正确选项一定是原文的同义转述。总之,希望考生多做真题,勤加练习,熟练掌握。

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