语法长难句

2018考研英语:重点语法解析(3)

来源:跨考2017-08-29

        有的考研er遇到长难句的语法,就会感到迷茫,无所适从;其实英语里的所有句子,不管句子多长,结构多么复杂,看起来多难,无外乎是由英语中的8种句子成分(即:主语、谓语、宾语、表语、补语、定语、状语、同位语)组合而成,或者说是在英语中的5种基本句型(即:主谓结构、主谓宾结构、主系表结构、主谓双宾结构、主谓宾宾补结构)的框架之上添加修饰成分扩展而来的,所以只要掌握了一些重点的语法,再长再难的句子就都迎刃而解了。 

  强化训练:虚拟语气

  1.Were it not for the snowy weather, we all right.

  A. would be B. would have been C. were D. may be

  2. more careful, his ship would not have sunk.

  A. If the captain were B. Had the captain been

  C. Should the captain be D. If the captain would have been

  3. If he me tomorrow, I would let him know.

  A. should call B. should not have been able

  C. were not able D. are not able

  4. If you asked your father you permission.

  A. may get B. might get C. should have called D. maybe get

  5. today, he would get there by Friday.

  A. Would he leave B. Was he leaving C. Were he to leave D. If he leaves

  6. ______I you, I would go with him to the party.

  A. Was B. Had been C. Will be D. Were

  7.The millions of calculations involved, had they been done by hand, ______all practical value by the time they were finished.

  A. could lose B. would have lost C. might lose D. ought to have lost

  8. Had Paul received six more votes in the last election, he our chairman now.

  A. must have been B. would have been C. were D. would be

  9. If you Jerry Brown until recently, you’d think the photograph on the right was strange.

  A. shouldn’t contact B. didn’t contact C. weren’t to contact D. hadn’t contacted

  10.he English examination I would have gone to the concert last Sunday

  A. In spite of B. But for C. Because of D. As for

  11. Look at the terrible situation I am in! If only I your advice

  A. follow B. would follow C. had followed D. have followed

  12. Had Paul received six more votes in the last election, he our chairman now.

  A. must have been B. would have been C. were D. hadn’t contacted

  13. If the horse won today, it thirty races in five years.

  A. would have won B. won C. must have won D. did have won

  14. There is a real possibility that these animals could be frightened, _______a sudden loud noise.

  A. being there B. should there be C. there was D. there having been

  15. The board deemed it urgent that these files right away.

  A. had to be printed B. should have been printed

  C. must be printed D. should be printed

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