考研复试调剂注意事项

Attention!考研英语复试的注意事项来啦

来源:跨考2019-04-10

  一. 了解报考院校专业往年的英语口试形式

  各院校各专业的复试口试形式各不相同,一定要对症下药。可以通过询问以前考过的师兄、师姐们来了解复试口试的形式,可能的话,了解一下口试中常出现的问题。

  总的来说,复试口试有这样几种类型:自我介绍;读某篇英文文章,然后进行翻译或回答相关问题;抽到某个话题进行演讲、阐述;两三人就同一个话题进行讨论、辩论(多人一起复试的情况);自由问答(可能是专业或与专业相关的时事热点问题,也可能只是了解个人情况)。

  二. 了解导师/考官

  首先必须了解导师在该专业的研究方向,可能的话,看看他们写的书,因为在专业问题上,导师一般都会往自己研究方向上靠拢;其次,了解导师在口试中常问的一些问题及习惯(这个又得求助于师兄师姐们了);最后,可以给导师打电话,让他/她知道你是谁,有你这么一个考生参加复试。

  三. 对以下几个方面要多加注意,适当练习几遍

  1、见面问候语:Good morning / afternoon, dear professors. I am XXX. (Nice to meet you。)。告别用语:Thanks for your time. / Thank you for giving such a chance. I hope to see you again and soon。

  2、 自我介绍篇(重点)。基本上每个院校每个专业的口试中都会涉及这一方面。考官其实是要借此了解你的口头表达能力以及你的报名表之外的一些信息。自我介绍时间以2-3分钟为宜。思路要清楚,要突出重点,口语尽量流利(不要太流利了,有背诵之嫌)。

  1) 考官要求你作自我介绍时,不要用…let me introduce myself briefly / please allow me to introduce myself to you等句子,重复、啰嗦。开头可以只用一句话引入:Dear professors, I feel so glad to meet all of you here.然后就可以进入主题,介绍姓名、年龄等等。

  2) 自我介绍的主体内容

  ① 姓名。介绍自己姓名时,发音一定要准(南方考生要多加注意)。

  ② 年龄。年龄可以跟在姓名后带过(I am XXX, 25 years old)。

  ③ 原来的院校、专业。注意:一定要把原来学校的英文名称、专业的英文名称弄清楚(尤其是跨校、跨专业的学生)。

  所属的公司、职位。注意:在职考生则应将自己公司、自己职位/职称的英文名称弄明白。

  ④ 性格、能力。可以着重强调你的个性对你报考的专业有何积极的作用。如果报考的是学术性的专业,可以说自己细心(carefully,detail-oriented)、条理分明(logical)、踏实(steady)等;如果是研究性、应用性更强一点的专业,可以说自己负责(responsible)、可靠(dependable)、有效率(efficient)等。

  其他的一些表示性格、能力的形容词有:active, aggressive(有进取心的), adaptable, amicable(友好的), analytical(善于分析的), cooperative, creative, disciplined, dutiful, energetic, faithful, gentle, independent(有主见的), innovative, motivated, modest, objective, precise, punctual, precise(一丝不苟的), temperate等等。

  在职考生或有过工作经验的考生还可以强调一下你的工作成绩,如:As the assistant to the General Manger of XXX Company, I have helped to negotiate a $200,000 deal for the corporation.

  ⑤ 爱好。All work and no play make Jack a dull boy. 除了强调你的学习的重视,同时也要避免给考官一种“书呆子”的感觉。一般可以从体育、音乐、电影等方面来说,同时要简单说明这些爱好对你的积极意义(build my body, relax myself, open my mind…);注意避免提到那些可能引起考官反感的爱好,如:playing computer games,watching TV等。

  ⑥ 你对报考的专业有兴趣(be interested in/be fascinated with/be obsessed with…),可适当举出一些例子,如经常看相关的书籍、论文、文章、新闻等。在职考生可以强调知识教育对工作的影响: In my work, I find it necessary to broaden my horizons in communication. That’s why I long for entering your prestigious university.

  3) 结束时可以用说:That’s all about me. / Well, that’s who I am. Thanks for your attention.

  3、关于自己家庭、家乡、原来的学校的一些情况,尤其要注意原来学校的英文名称。

  1) 家庭。需要注意的是,考官并不是为了做人口调查而提出这个问题的,所以应该避免流水账似地介绍家庭成员;要尽量说明家人(尤其是父母)对你造成哪些方面(性格、职业规划、做事风格等)良好的影响。可以参考以下句式结构:Just like my father, I am especially interested in history. / Though my father is an ordinary worker, his responsible attitude towards work has a great influence on me.

  2) 家乡。正所谓“一方水土养育一方人”,考官实际上是想从你对家乡的介绍中找出有关你性格、志向的线索。可以从历史、历史人物、著名景点、独特风俗或特产等方面来简单介绍,注意要表达热爱家乡的情感。

  3) 学校。如果是本校考生的话,在自我介绍中就可以点到(拉近跟考官的关系)。如果是外校,考官通常会问:Why did you choose our university? 那么我们就可以说说它与报考院校之间的异同,然后说明为什么你选择这个学校(I do love the atmosphere in your university. It is full of youthful spirits.);要注意的是:一定要说明你对在原来的院校接受教育心存感激之情appreciation(从好的方面说一说),着重强调希望能被录取,表达自己坚定的决心、展望一下未来。

  4、 未来规划——学习规划(研究生以后的方向),人生规划(短期、长期)

  5、 意外情况——没听清,你应该怎样要求老师再说一遍(Pardon?/ Sorry, I can’t follow you. / Sorry, I lost you. Can you repeat that question again?);需要时间思考、整理思路的时候,不要出现沉默,可以用一些hmm, err, well等语气词;不会回答某些问题时,千万不要不懂装懂,可以明确地告诉老师你不知道(Sorry, but I have no idea about it。)。

  6、跨专业问题——老师通常会对跨专业的学生问这样一个问题:为什么会选择这个专业?不要前篇一律地回答只说“我对这个专业感兴趣”,可以把每个人都会谈到的原因简要地罗列一下,对具有自己特色的原因则可大谈特谈,详细地阐述自己的观点,让老师印象深刻。

  7、专业知识——在英语口试中(非英语专业),如果老师提问专业问题,通常不会指望你能进行流利的、专业性强的阐述;但是一些专业术语的英文说法还是有必要了解一下的。

  8、提出问题——在面试快结束的时候,一般老师都会问,你有没有什么要问的(Do you have any questions to ask?)。一般不适合说“I don’t have any question。”可以问考官一两个你关心的问题。

  1、Would you please make a brief introduction about yourself?

  /"What can you tell me about yourself?" ("关于你自己,你能告诉我些什么?")

  Good morning,professors, I am honored to be here for this interview.

  I’m 姓名 , from , the capital/a beautiful city of province.//

  2、本科学习经历

  I graduated from Shanghai Conservatory of Music, majoring in vocal music performance with Professor XX.

  专业学习:During the college years, I focus on my major study, value every minute to practice violin diligently and got our university scholarship sever times.

  实践活动:Meanwhile, I also take part in various school activities, take up the posts of the directors of propaganda department and awarded the outstanding student leaders.

  3、描述一下自己的性格特点和兴趣爱好

  During the spare time, i like reading and go traveling, maybe that is because i am a girl, curious about the world and like to explore and find the beauty and new things of the world. As to my personal feature, I would like to say: I am very easy going, and like making friends.

  During my spare time, i usually would like to do some sports, such as , which not only can broaden my horizon,but also let me be optimistic to the life.

  As to my personal feature, I would like to say: as the generation after 90s, I am sincere, straightforward, full of passion for life and hope. And I would like to try my best to realize my dream.

  During the spare time, i usually would like to do some sports, such as playing basketball, badminton, Pingpang with my friends, which not only can strengthen my body but also make me face the life actively.

  4、为什么读研?为什么考目标院校?

  After my graduation, i want to be a teacher, but now i found what i have learned is not enough to be a good one. So i need to learn more teaching knowledge and I always believe that one will easily lag behind unless he keeps on learning. And as we all know, Shanghai Conservatory of Music ,as China’s oldest muscial academic institution, enjoys the first class teaching faculty and after almost a hundred years development , it has laid solid foundation on musical education and has the best academic atmosphere.

  That’s why I’m here. If I am lucky enough to be admitted, I would try my best to enrich my theoretical knowledge of my major and seize every opportunity to accumulate more experience on the stage.

  5、Tell us your plans in the postgraduate study.研究生期间你的计划

  6、Your plans after your graduation.毕业后的计划

  在面试快结束的时候,一般考官都会问,你有没有什么要问的。Do you have any question?一般不适合说“I don’t have any question.”可以提前准备一两个问题

  Yes, I have one question.

  Does our university provide some guidance for the courses selection?我们学校会提供一些选课指导吗?

  如果问的问题你没听懂怎么办?

  Sorry,I can't understand your question because I don't know the meaning of the word “ “, can you explain it with other words or in Chinese?

  Sorry, I can’t answer this question in English, because of my limited English words, can I explain it in Chinese?

  (本文为跨考教育教研室张海英老师原创,转载请注明出处。)

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