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2014考研英语:完型填空高分强化训练(十四)_跨考网
跨考考研2013-03-15
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  2014考研英语:完型填空高分强化训练(十四)

  练习

  Ⅰ Cloze

  Globalization-is it holy crap?

  Globalization can somehow be defined(1)____harmonization, homogenization or integration of the countries and(2)____. Functionally, it can be seen as a process of gradually(3)____ interaction and integration of economies and societies around the world. The growing economic interdependence is the most crucial (4)____ force of globalization. In the first(5)____, it is the economic dimension of globalization which(6)____both scholars' and(7)____attention. Transnational corporations (TNCs) and large financial institutions in the mature and developed industrial economies (8)____a proactive role(9)____ devising and creating global networks in economic and financial areas. However, sociologist, anthropologist and historian state that the non-economic dimension is(10)____equally important. For example, Alexander the Great did not only militarily conquer Persia(11)____introduced western (12)____, philosophy and scientific technology(13)____ the east.(14)____he noticed that what he thought the barbarian east had a more complex governing system even than his own. Today, though most popular definitions of globalization are still focusing more(15)____ the economic dimension; the non-economic dimension gets more and more attention in almost every society of the world. There are tons of studies(16)____ this topic. Yet, globalization as a phenomenon, in reality, is still in its (17)____.

  According to

  Giddens, another scholar argues that "Globalization is the intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa."

  1.[A]as [B]to be [C]like [D]of

  2. [A]economy [B]economics [C]economic [D]economies

  3. [A]revolving [B]evolving [C]resolving [D]solving

  4. [A]enhancing [B]moving [C]driving [D]motivating

  5. [A]case [B]place [C]area [D]space

  6. [A]catches [B]influences [C]has [D]draws

  7. [A]practitioners' [B]practicers' [C]practists' [D]practicalists'

  8. [A]took [B]had [C]played [D]occupied

  9. [A]in [B]on [C]within [D]into

  10. [A]to be [B]as [C]/ [D]being

  11. [A]but also [B]also [C]and [D]and also

  12. [A]thinking [B]thoughts [C]ideology [D]theories

  13. [A]to [B]into [C]for [D]towards

  14. [A]Surprisedly [B]Surprised [C]Surprisingly [D]Surprising

  15. [A]on [B]in [C]at [D]of

  16. [A]about [B]of [C]in [D]at

  17. [A]childhood [B]teenage [C]teens [D]infancy

  18. [A]speeding [B]speedy [C]speedy up [D]speeding up

  19. [A]shrank [B]shrunk [C]shrinked [D]been shrunk

  20. [A]as [B]being [C]to be [D]as to be

[page]

  练习答案与题解:

  I.Cloze

  1.[A]

  define sth as sth.是固定用法,意思是"给(词语等)下定义;阐明,解释某事"。其余搭配均不正确。

  2.[D]

  economy为名词,有可数和不可数两种形式,其意思有"(金钱,力气,时间,资源等)节省,节约"。 economy也有"(国家的)经济管理,经济制度"的意思。此题中economy就属于这个意思,且应为复数。

  3.[B]

  evolve的意思为"(使)逐渐形成;(指植物、动物等)进化"。revolve意为"旋转";resolve意为"分解,溶解";solve意为"解决(问题)"。

  4.[C]

  enhance意为"增强,增多";move意为"移动";motivate意为"激发",均不合题意。只有driving force是约定俗成的用法。此处driving force的意思是"sb./ sth. that strongly influences people and makes them to do sth"。

  5.[B]

  in the first/ second... place用于如列举理由时,相当于firstly, secondly 等等。

  6.[A]

  catch one's attention/eye意为"吸引某人的注意";draw (sb's) attention to sth意思是"令某人注意某事物"。

  7.[A]

  只有practitioner这个单词存在,其余选项虽然与构词规则有关系,但都是不存在的词语。此题考查考生平时学习中的词汇积累。另外,practitian = practitioner。

  8.[C]

  play a role in ...是固定用法,意思为"在......方面起作用"。其他搭配均不正确。

  9.[A]

  play a role in...为固定搭配,其余选项中的介词均不对。

  10.[B]

  as在此处是副词,意为"和......一样"。

  11.[A]

  not only ...but also是习惯搭配,意思是"不仅......而且......",如:He is not only interested in coffee, but also likes drinking tea.他不但对咖啡感兴趣,而且也喜欢喝茶。

  12.[B]

  thought在此句中的意思是"思想,思潮";thinking为动词的现在分词形式,不能在此作名词用;ideology意为"意识形态";theory意为"理论,学说",均不合题意。

  13.[A]

  introduce sb/ sth to sb意为"是相互认识,引见;宣布并介绍"。

  14.[C]

  surprise为动词,意思是"使(某人)吃惊";surprised是形容词,be surprised at sth意为"惊奇的,惊讶的,诧异的"。surprising也是形容词,意思是"令人吃惊的,使人吃惊的";surprisingly是其副词形式。

  15.[A]

  focus sth on sth意为"使某事物集中于一点;集中(于某事物);将注意力集中于(某事物)"。

  16.[C]

  此句中studies为名词,其后跟in表示"在......方面的研究、探索"。

  17.[D]

  infancy意为"婴儿期,幼儿期",也可用作比喻义"(发展或成长的)初期"。其余搭配均不能表达此意。

  18.[D]

  speed作动词的使后跟up搭配意思为"(使某事物)加速"。speedy为形容词,意为"快速的,迅速的;及早的"。

  19.[B]

  shrunk 为shrink的过去分词形式,意思是"收缩,委琐,缩短"。

  20.[C]

  appear是不及物动词,因此后面应跟to be。

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