复习指导

2014考研英语:短文写作常用句型和练习_跨考网

来源:跨考2013-06-01

  1.…is a very popular topic which is much talked about not only by …but also by …

  家庭人口多好还是家庭人口少好是一个非常通俗的主题,不仅是城里人,而且农民都经常谈论这个问题。

  Weahter a large family is a good thing or not is a very popular topic which is often talked about not only by city residents but by farners as well.

  2.There is no denying the fact that…

  无可否认,空气污染是一个极其严重的问题:城市当局应该采取有力措施来解决它。

  There is no denying the fact that air pollution is an extemerely serious problem: the city authorities should take strong measures to deal with it.

  3.As is known to all,…

  众所周知,假冒伪劣商品损害了消费者的利益。

  As is known to all, fake and inferior commodities harm the interests of consumers.(=do a lot of harm to the interests of comsumers)

  4.More and more people are realizing the importance of …

  现在越来越多的人认识到法制教育的重要性。为了维护社会治安,我们每人都应该接受法制教育。

  Tody an increasing number of people have realized that law education is of great importance .In order to keep law and order, very one of us is supposed to get(=receive)a law education.

  5.From what I have mentioned above we can see clearly that…

  从上面我所提到的,我们可以清楚地看到,电视暴力对青少年的影响是极其深远的。

  From what I have mentoned above,we can see clearly that violence on TV has (a) great influence on young adults’ behaviour.(或 teenagers’ behavior 或 youngsters’ behavior)

  “正文”段落中常用的句型:

  1.There are some good reasons for…(分析原因)

  two possible

  人民生活状况的改善原因有两点。首先,我们一直在贯彻执行改革开放政策。其次,国民经济正在迅速发展,而且出生率已经得到控制。

  There are two reasons for the improvement in people’s living conditions. In the first place, we have been carrying out the reform and opening-up policy. Secondly,there has been a rapid expansion of our national economy .Further-more, the birth rate has been put under control.

  2.My suggestions to deal with the problem are as follows. In the first place,… Secondly,…Finally… solve

  tackle

  relieve (提出建议)

  我对解决这个问题的建议如下。首先,迫在眉睫的是建立自然保护区。其次,有些濒临灭绝的珍稀野生动物应该收捕、人工喂养并繁殖。最后,对于捕猎珍稀野生动物的人必须严惩。

  My suggestions to deal with the problem are as follows .To begin with, it is urgent to create nature reserves. Secondly, certain rare wild animals that are going to be extinct should be collected, fed and reproduced artificially. Finally ,those who hunter them must be punished severely.

  3.Different people have different opinions on this question. Some people believe that … Others

  problem.

  matter.

  argue that… Still others assert that…(论述不同看法)

  人们对失败持有不同的态度。面对失败,有人能够经得起考验,从失败中汲取教训,并努力去完成他们下定决心要做的事情。然而,另一些人却丧失信心并退却了。

  People differ in their attitudes towards failure.Faced with it ,some of them can stand up to it .draw useful lessons from it and try hard to fulfii what they are determined to do. Others, however, lose heart and give in.

  4.It is important (nessary, urgent, difficult, easy, expensive, desirable, abvisable, convenient, comfortable)for sb. to do sth. (发表意见)

  人们希望建立更多的医院、购物中心、娱乐中心、电影院和其他公用设施来满足人民日益增长的需求。

  It is desirable to build more hospitals,shopping centres,recreation centres,cinemas and other public facilities to meet the growing needs of people.

  5.As a popular saying goes “Everything has two sides.” (分析利弊)

  常言道:“事物总是一分为二的”。如今人们从科技发明中得到越来越多的好处。另一方面,科技进步也给我们带来了许多麻烦。现在许多国家的人民饱尝公害之苦。

  As a popular saying goes, “Everything has two sides.” Now people (the public)are benefiting more and more from scientific and technological inventions. On the other hand,the progress of science and technology is bringing us a lot of trouble. People in many countries are srffering from public hazards.

[page]

  6.For example, … (举例阐述)

  For instance, …

  Let’s take …for example.

  就拿汽车为例。汽车不仅污染城市空气,而且使城市拥挤不堪。此外,汽车造成许多交通事故。汽车所产生的噪音使居住在街道两旁的居民日夜不得安宁。

  Les’s take cars for example. They not only pollute the air in cities, but make them crowed. Furthermore, they cause a lot of traffic accidents. (…, they are responsible for a lot of traffic accidents.) The noise made by cars disturbs the residents living on both sides of streets all day and night.

  7.It is generally believed that …

  accepted (引证观点)

  thought

  held

  普遍认为,在发达国家人口增长的主要原因与其说是出生率的上升,还不如说是由于医疗保健的改善的使死亡率下降了。

  It is generally believed (=thought) that the chief reason for the increase in population in developed coutries is not so much the rise in birth rates as the decline in death rates as a result of the improvement in medical care.

  8. …causes (produces, brings about, leads to, results in …)(因果关系)

  毫无疑问,需求的增长导致了价格的上涨。

  There is no doubt that the increase in demand causes(results in/leads to) the rise in prices.

  务必熟记的考研英语作文重点句式

  1. It must be pointed out that it is one of our basic State policies to control population growth while raising the quality of the population.

  2. It is (has been) estimated that the world's population could reach 6 billion by the end of the century.

  3. It must be kept in mind that there is no secret of success but hard work.

  4. It can be seen from this that there is no difficulty in the world we can overcome.

  5. As is known man is the product of labour.

  6. It is a common saying that man who has a settled purpose will surely succeed.

  7. It is clear that the enemy has no desire for peace.

  8. It is hard to imagine how Edison managed to work twenty hours each day.

  9. It's hard to say whether the plan is practicable.

  10. There is no doubt that you will be helped by others if you have any difficulties.

  11. It seems certain that they have made a series of experiments.

  12. It is said that bats have been using radar for millions of years.

  13. To tell the truth , many mistakes we made could have been avoided.

  14. As we know, it was not until recently that the problem was solved.

  15. It must be admitted that you haven't done what you promised to do.

  16. In my opinion, this computer is different from that one you saw.

  17. It is certain that we have a long way to go.

  18. All this shows that nothing can prevent us from reaching our aims.

  19. As far as we know, it took him more than a year to write the book.

  20. It has been proved that every substance, no matter what it is, is made up of atoms.

  21. It has been decided that we are going to build a railway whose base must be completed within this year.

  22. It is obvious (evident) that the success of the innovation depends on our concerted efforts.

  23. To be frank, whether you like it or not, you have no other choice.

  24. It is natural that one may have trouble expressing complicated ideas in simple English.

  25. What is more important, the agreement they have negotiated is being carried out.

  26. We will be successful as long as we persevere.

  27. Frankly speaking, what you call the truth may not apply to things happening here.

  28. It is true that we must redouble our efforts; otherwise we cannot catch up with the developed countries.

  29. I take it for granted that they will support this idea.

  I regard it as natural that they will agree to this idea.

  30. In a certain sense, a successful scientist is a person who is never satisfied with what he has achieved.

  31. The oceans do not so much divide the world as unite it.

  32. There is no denying the fact that the new management method has greatly increased the production.

  33. There is no denying the fact that the new management method has greatly increased the production.

  34. Upon hearing the unexpected news, he was so surprised that he couldn't utter a word.

  35. As the saying goes, nothing in the world is difficult for one who sets his mind to it.

  36. Our goal must be attained. Our goal can unquestionably be attained.

  37. Noting can prevent us from realizing the four modernizations.

  38. Now in China, more and more families can afford to buy high-grade goods, such as washing machines, TV sets, videocorders.

  39. No matter how difficult English may be, you should do your best to learn it.

  相关推荐:2014考研复习全程规划

展开全文

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