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2014考研英语复习:模拟试题之完型专项练习(七)_跨考网
跨考考研2013-03-19
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  2014考研英语复习:模拟试题之完型专项练习(七)

  SectionⅠ Use of English

  Directions:

  Read the following text.Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.( 10 points )

  Health implies more than physical fitness. It also implies mental and emotional well-being. An angry, frustrated, emotionally 1 person in good physical condition is not 2 healthy. Mental health, therefore, has much to do 3 how a person copes with the world as she/he exists. Many of the factors that 4 physical health also affect mental and emotional well-being.

  Having a good self-image means that people have positive 5 pictures and good, positive feelings about themselves, about what they are capable 6, and about the roles they play. People with good self-images like themselves, and they are 7 like others. Having a good self-image is based 8 a realistic 9 of one's own worth and value and capabilities.

  Stress is an unavoidable, necessary, and potentially healthful 10 of our society. People of all ages 11 stress. Children begin to 12 stress during prenatal development and during childbirth. Examples of stress inducing 13 in the life of a young person are death of a pet, pressure to 14 academically, the divorce of parents, or joining a new youth group. The different ways in which individuals 15 to stress may bring healthful or unhealthy results. One person experiencing a great deal of stress may function exceptionally well 16 another may be unable to function at all. If stressful situations are continually encountered, the individual's physical, social, and mental health are eventually affected.

  Satisfying social relations are vital to 17 mental and emotional health. It is believed that in order to 18, develop, and maintain effective and fulfilling social relationships people must 19 the ability to know and trust each other, understand each other, influence, and help each other. They must also be capable of 20 conflicts in a constructive way.

  1. A. unstable   B. unsure   C. imprecise   D. impractical

  2. A. normally   B. generally   C. virtually   D. necessarily

  3. A. on   B. at   C. to   D. with

  4. A. signify   B. influence   C. predict   D. mark

  5. A. intellectual   B. sensual   C. spiritual   D. mental

  6. A. to be doing   B. with doing   C. to do   D. of doing

  7. A. able better to   B. able to better  C. better to able   D. better able to

  8. A. on   B. from   C. at   D. about

  9. A. assessment   B. decision   C. determination   D. assistance

  10. A. ideality   B. realization   C. realism   D. reality

  11. A. occur   B. engage   C. confront   D. encounter

  12. A. tolerate   B. sustain   C. experience   D. undertake

  13. A. evidence   B. accidents   C. adventures   D. events

  14. A. acquire   B. achieve   C. obtain   D. fulfil

  15. A. respond   B. return   C. retort   D. reply

  16. A. why   B. when   C. while   D. where

  17. A. sound   B. allround   C. entire   D. whole

  18. A. illuminate   B. enunciate  C. enumerate   D. initiate

  19. A. access   B. assess   C. process   D. possess

  20. A. resolving   B. saluting   C. desolving   D. solving

[page]

  SectionⅠUse of English

  1. A. unstable

  An angry, frustrated, emotionally unstable person in good physical condition is not necessarily healthy. 一个易怒的,情绪沮丧的,感情不稳定但是体格很好的人,未必是健康的。

  unstable adj.(情绪)不稳定的。

  B项unsure adj.没有自信的,不肯定的,不确定的。C项imprecise adj.不严密的,不精确的。D项impractical adj.不切实际的。

  2. D. necessarily

  要表达“并不一定”、“未必”的意思,通常用not necessarily的搭配。

  3. D. with

  Mental health, therefore, has much to do with how a person copes with the world as it exists. 因此,精神健康,和一个人在生活中如何处理身边的事情,有很大的关系。

  have…(nothing, little, much, a lot) to do with…:和……(没)有(很大的)关系。例如:

  What I'm reading have nothing to do with you. 我在看什么,和你没有关系。

  4. B. influence

  Many of the factors that influence physical health also affect mental and emotional well-being. 很多影响体格健康的因素,同时也影响精神和感情的健康。

  influence影响。例如:

  My teacher influenced my decision to study science. 我的老师对我学理科的决定起了影响作用。

  influence也可做名词。用法如下:

  (常与on连用)影响力;感化力。例如:

  My teacher's influence made me study science at college. 由于我老师的影响,我上大学学了理科。

  Some women have bad influence upon their husbands. 有些妇女对其丈夫有坏影响。

  A项signify

  ①表示;象征;意味

  ②用动作表示……意思。例如:

  He signified his content with a nod.他以点头表示同意。

  ③有关系;有重要性

  C项predict v.预知,预言,预报。D项mark vt.做标记于,打分数,标志。

  5. D. mental

  Having a good self-image means that people have positive mental pictures and good, positive feelings about themselves, about what they are capable of doing, and about the roles they play.有良好的自我感觉,意味着人们在心目中对自己的形象,能力,以及担任的角色,有积极的,良好的认识。

  mental adj.精神的,智力的,心智的。和physical相对。一般“精神病”被称作mental illness.

  A项intellectual adj.智力的,有智力的,显示智力的。作名词时意为“知识分子”。

  B项sensual adj.肉欲的,色情的,世俗的,强调“通过感官感觉到”的。

  C项spiritual adj.非物质的,精神的;灵魂的;宗教的;神圣的。和material相对。

  6. D. of doing

  capable of doing为固定搭配。大致相当于be able to do.

  7. D. better able to

  People with good self-images like themselves, and they are better able to like others. 那些对自己的形象有积极认识的人通常很欣赏自己,也更容易欣赏其他人。to be able to的比较级,用to be better able to.其他次序都不对。

  8. A. on

  Having a good self-image is based on a realistic assessment of one's own worth and value and capabilities.对自己的形象有积极的认识,是建立在对自己的价值和能力的符合实际的评价基础上的。

  be based on:建立在……的基础上

  9. A. assessment

  assessment是动词assess(估计,估算;评估,评价)的名词形式。B项decision、C项determination及D项assistance都没有“评估”的意思。

  10. D. reality

  Stress is an unavoidable, necessary, and potentially healthful reality of our society. 压力是我们社会中无可避免的,而且有潜在的促进社会健康作用的现实存在。

  表示“存在的现实状况”用reality(n.真实,事实,本体,逼真)。

  A项ideality n.理想。B项realization n.实现;认识;领会。C项realism n.现实主义。

[page]

  11. D. encounter

  People of all ages encounter stress. 各个年龄段的人都会遇到压力。

  encounter遭遇;遇到。强调“偶然遇见”。

  A项occur vi.发生,出现。

  B项engage vt.使忙碌,雇佣,预定,使从事于,使参加。

  C项confront①面对;面临;遭遇。例如:

  to confront danger(勇敢地)面对危险

  ②(与with连用)使面对;使面临。例如:

  I am confronted with many difficulties.我面临很多困难。

  12. C. experience

  Children begin to experience stress during prenatal development and during childbirth.儿童在出生之前,以及降临到世界的过程中都有压力的体验。

  experience vt.经验,体验,经历,阅历。

  A项tolerate vt. (主观上努力去)忍受,容忍。B项sustain vt.支撑,撑住,维持,持续。D项undertake vt.承担,担任(也包含“主观努力”的意思)。

  13. D. events

  Examples of stress-inducing events in the life of a young person are death of a pet, pressure to achieve academically, the divorce of parents, or joining a new youth group. 年轻人的生活中,能够带来压力的事件,包括宠物的死亡,学业的压力,父母的离异,或者加入新的年轻人的群体。

  event来自拉丁语evenire发生,e出,外+venire来,发生出来的事就是“(比较重大的)事件”。

  A项evidence n.明显,显著,明白,迹象,根据,[物]证据,证物。B项accident n.意外事件,(造成一定伤亡或者损失的)事故。C项adventure n.冒险,冒险的经历。

  14. B. achieve

  “学业上取得成就”用achieve.

  A项acquire和C项obtain作“获得”解时,一般后面都应该跟宾语。D项fulfil vt.实践,实行,完成,达到。侧重“履行”之意。

  15. A. respond

  The different ways in which individuals respond to stress may bring healthful or unhealthy results.人们对压力做出的不同的反应方式,可能会带来有益于健康,或者不利于健康的后果。

  respond(常与to连用)反应;回报;对……有反应;对……起作用。

  B项return vt.归还,回报,报告,获得,回答,返回。C项retort v.反驳,反击。D项reply vi.答复,回击,报复,答辩,回答。

  16. C. while

  One person experiencing a great deal of stress may function exceptionally well while another may be unable to function at all.在巨大的压力下,有的人可能会应对非常自如,但是另一个人就完全无法正常运转。

  while此处是一个表示转折意义的连词,表示“虽然,但是”。例如:

  While I understand what you say, I can't agree with you. 虽然我理解你的意思,但我还是不同意。

  You like tennis, while I'd rather read. 你爱打网球,但我爱看书。

  类似用法的连词还有whereas.例如:

  Some people like fat meat, whereas others hate it. 有些人喜欢肥肉,相反有些人讨厌肥肉。

  17. A. sound

  Satisfying social relations are vital to sound mental and emotional health. 让人满意的社会关系对于良好的精神和情绪健全至关重要。

  sound此处意为“完好的、健全的”,类似wholesome。B项 all-round adj.多方面的,多才多艺的。

  18. D. initiate

  It is believed that in order to initiate, develop, and maintain effective and fulfilling social relationships people must possess the ability to know and trust each other, understand each other, influence, and help each other. 一般认为,要想建立,发展,并且维持有效而给人满足感的社会关系,人们必须拥有了解和信任他人,影响他人,和帮助他人的能力。

  initiate vt.创始;发起

  A项 illuminate vt.照明,照亮,阐明,说明。B项enunciate v.阐明,清晰发言。C项enumerate v.列举。

  19. D. possess

  possess:拥有。其他三个选项不具有“拥有”的含义。

  20. A. resolving

  They must also be capable of resolving conflicts in a constructive way.他们必须有能力以建设性的方法来解决冲突。

  “解决冲突”用“resolve”。

  solve解决;解答,解释。例如:

  solve a problem解决一个问题

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