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【每日一练】考研英语英译汉练习3(4.27)_跨考网
跨考考研2012-04-27
来源跨考网整理
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  1 、When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at, for, however farfetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal. With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry may be — even admitting that the theory on which it is based may be right — it can hardly be classed as Literature.

  当一场新的艺术运动形成某种时尚时,理应弄清其倡导者的目标所在,因为无论他们的准则在今天看来是多么牵强附会、不可思议,将来都有可能被视为正常的。然而,就未来派诗歌而言,情况却相当不同,因为无论未来派诗歌为何物——即使承认其理论根据可能正确,也很难称之为文学。

  2、This, in brief, is what the Futurist says: for a century, past conditions of life have been conditionally speeding up, till now we live in a world of noise and violence and speed. Consequently, our feelings, thoughts and emotions have undergone a corresponding change. This speeding up of life, says the Futurist, requires a new form of expression. We must speed up our literature too, if we want to interpret modern stress. We must pour out a large stream of essential words, unhampered by stops, or qualifying adjectives, or finite verbs. Instead of describing sounds we must make up words that imitate them; we must use many sizes of type and different colored inks on the same page, and shorten or lengthen words at will.

  简而言之,未来派诗人宣称:一个世纪以来,过去的生活一直在有条件地急剧变化;现在,我们生活在一个充斥着喧嚣、暴力和快节奏的世界之中。因此,我们的感情、思想和情绪都经历了相应的变化。未来派诗人声称,这种加速的生活节奏需要一种新的表达形式。如果我们想诠释现代生活的压力,就必须加快文学发展的步伐。我们必须大量使用基本词汇,摆脱句号,修饰性形容词及限定动词的羁绊。我们不应描绘声音,我们必须造出模仿声音的词语;我们必须在同一张纸上使用不同型号和不同颜色的墨水,任意缩短或加长词语。

  3、Certainly their descriptions of battles are confused. But it is a little upsetting to read in the explanatory notes that a certain line describes a fight between a Turkish and a Bulgarian officer on a bridge off which they both fall into the river — and then to find that the line consists of the noise of their falling and the weights of the officers: "Pluff! Pluff! A hundred and eighty-five kilograms."

  他们对战斗的描述确实让人很难理解。但是读到一句描写战斗的诗行的注解时,则令人有点生厌,注解中说该诗描写了一名土耳其军官和一名保加利亚军官在一座桥上发生了搏斗,结果双双从桥上掉进河中——结果,诗把他们两人落水的声音和体重写在了一起:“扑通!扑通!185公斤。”

  4、This, though it fulfills the laws and requirements of Futurist poetry, can hardly be classed as Literature. All the same, no thinking man can refuse to accept their first proposition: that a great change in our emotional life calls for a change of expression. The whole question is really this: have we essentially changed?

  尽管这符合未来派诗歌的规则和要求,却很难被归入文学之列。实际上,没有一个善于思考的人会拒绝接受他们的第一个观点:即情感生活的巨大变化要求表达方式也随之变化。实际问题是:我们发生了根本的变化吗?

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