完形

2020考研决战暑期完型填空:词性分析法

来源:跨考2019-06-17

  暑假要到啦,考研的小伙伴们的复习黄金期要到啦。在考研英语众多题型中帅波老师今天要为大家介绍的是一种非常容易掌握的解决完型填空的小方法,那就是利用词性分析法来解题。有人说完型做与不做都一样,最后都是4分左右,其实不然。如果能掌握小技巧完全可以拿到7-8分,差一分就可能会被拒之研究生门外。

  那么,我们马上来就少这种方法吧。何为词性分析法呢?其实,就是利用单词的词性及搭配解题。中所周知,大家学了这么多年英语一定知道英语单词中有十大词性,即名词、动词、形容词、副词、代词、数词、冠词、介词、连词、感叹词。但是在考研英语完型中能够派上用场的其实就三种词性:动词、名词和形容词。下面帅波老师来给大家一一解释这三种词性在完型中的具体用法:

  首先、动词。动词又包含动宾结构、主谓结构、时态变化、固定搭配。

  第一、动词的动宾结构

  (1994)Too often, careless use of words 43 a meeting of the minds of the speaker and listener. The words used by the speaker may 44 unfavorable reactions in the listener which interfere with his comprehension; hence, the transmission-reception system breaks down.

  43. [A] encourages [B] prevents [C] destroys [D] offers

  44. [A] pass out [B] take away [C] back up [D] stir up

  (2006)To help homeless people toward independence, the federal government must support job training programs, 4 the minimum wage, and fund more low-cost housing.

  4. [A] raise [B] add [C] take [D] keep

  第二、动词的主谓结构

  (1996) 48 enough vitamins is essential to life, although the body has no nutritional use for excess vitamins.

  48. [A] Supplying [B] Getting [C] Providing [D] Furnishing

  (2003)And they also need to give serious 21 to how they can best 22 such changes. Growing bodies need movement and 23 , but not just in ways that emphasize competition. 24 they are adjusting to their new bodies......

  22. [A] strengthen [B] accommodate [C] stimulate [D] enhance

  第三、动词的时态变化

  (2006)One of the federal government’s studies 9 that the number of the homeless will reach nearly 19 million by the end of this decade.

  9. [A] predicts [B] displays [C] proves [D] discovers

  第四、动词的固定搭配

  (2002)“Benefits” have been weighed 40 “harmful” outcomes. And generalizations have proved difficult.

  40. [A] above [B] upon [C] against [D] with

  (2006) As Edward Zlotkowski, director of community service at Bentley College in Massachusetts, 19 it, “There has to be 20 of programs. What' s needed is a package deal.”

  19. [A] puts [B] interprets [C] assumes [D] makes

  其次、名词

  (1994)The speaker who does not have specific words in his working vocabulary may be 49 to explain or describe in a 50 that can be understood by his listeners.

  50. [A] case [B] means [C] method [D] way

  (2000)He may also need money to construct irrigation 46 and improve his farm in other ways.

  46. [A] vessels [B] routes [C] paths [D] channels

  最后、形容词

  (2001)In a significant 32 of legal controls over the press, Lord Irvine, the Lord Chancellor, will introduce a 33 bill that will propose making payments to witnesses 34 and will ….

  33. [A] sketch [B] rough [C] preliminary [D] draft

  34. [A] illogical [B] illegal [C] improbable [D] improper

  综上,这三种词性在考研英语完型填空中出现的频率非常高,因此,大家要尽量掌握这几种词性,尤其是动词,掌握了我们就又多了一把武器,为决战暑期做好准备。如果要想英语考得好,那么每一个题型都不能放弃,何况是唾手可得的题目呢。学起来吧,小伙伴们,暑期学得好,后期有依靠。

  (本文为跨考教育教研室李波老师原创,转载请注明出处。)

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