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20考研英语阅读常考词汇之:近义词和同义词
跨考考研2019-06-24
来源跨考网整理
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  点击查看:2020考研英语阅读理解常考词汇汇总

  俗话说得英语者得考研,得阅读者,得英语。针对如此重要的模块,很多同学不知道到该如何下手,一直刷题没有重点也很难取得良好的效果。考研英语阅读理解在巩固词汇、培养情感、提高英语水平方面有着不可替代的作用,所以一定多做阅读题。今天跨考教育小编整理了考研英语阅读理解的近义词和同义词的常考词汇,希望大家能够学以致用。

  控告某人犯了…… accuse sb. of sth, charge sb. with sth;

  夸大exaggerate,overestimate,overvalue,overrate,magnify;

  缩小(低估)underestimate,undervalue,minimize;

  使困惑puzzle,bewilder,confuse,perplex;

  影响affect, influence, impact (on), bear on ;

  控制control,dominate,curb,regulate,harness (=control and use);

  污染pollute,contaminate,foul;

  计算calculate,compute,reckon;

  出现appear,emerge,come into being;

  关心care for,foster,be concerned about;

  把……归因于owe … to,attribute … to,refer … to;

  减轻,缓解ease,alleviate,relieve;

  给予render,offer,impart,confer;

  实现realize,effect;

  炫耀show off ,parade;

  自尊心ego,pride,self-esteem,dignity;

  涌入crowd into,pour into,stream into,swarm into,pack into;

  体现express,embody;

  决定decide,determine,elect,make up one's mind;

  渴望desire,long (for),aspire to,pant;

  改进improve,mend;

  消除eliminate,remove,erase,get rid of;

  威胁threat,menace;

  聚精会神做be absorbed in doing,be immersed in doing;

  有偏见的biased,partial,prejudiced;

  损害spoil,impair,harm,endanger;

  包含,包括embrace,comprise,encompass,include;

  停止stop,halt,cease;

  持久last,endure;

  推进further,promote;

  上升rise,escalate,go up,climb;

  繁荣prosper, flourish,thrive;

  容忍bear,tolerate,put up with,brook;

  缺点shortcoming,defect,drawback,flaw,setback;

  指望,依靠count on,depend on,rely on,reckon on,bank on,lean on;

  倾向于tend to,be inclined to,be liable to,be apt to;

  怀疑的skeptical,dubious,doubtful,suspicious;

  减少decrease,decline, reduce,diminish,temper,moderate;

  索然无味的uninteresting,dull,tedious,boring;

  不偏不倚的impartial,detached,neutral,unbiased;

  有意的purposeful,deliberate,intentional;

  培训train,practice,nurture;

  不理会ignore,discount,disregard,pay no attention to,turn a deaf ear to;

  改变change,alter,modify,remold,reshape;

  增加increase,augment,add to,multiply;

  抛弃discard,abandon,desert,give up,get rid of;

  浪费waste;dissipate;

  废除abolish, do away with, scrap;

  揭露disclose,reveal,unveil;

  性格,脾气personality,disposition;

  谨慎的careful,discreet,prudent,cautious;

  厌恶,怨恨disgust,resent,hate;

  满足meet,satisfy,cater to;

  沉思,细想ponder,meditate,think deeply,dwell on;

  必然包含involve,entail;

  忽略,疏忽overlook, neglect,give no attention to;

  使沮丧,使失望disappoint, frustrate,dismay, let sb. down,depress;

  诱惑 lure, tempt, induce;

  讽刺satire, sarcasm,irony;

  造成,引起cause, pose, bring about, give rise to,evoke。

  发人深省set sb. thinking, be thought-provoking;

  利用make use of, take advantage of, utilize, harness;

  来自于come from, result from, arise from, stem from, derive from

  挫伤,使灰心:discourage, frustrate, upset;

  严肃的earnest, serious, grave, solemn;

  对…感兴趣be interested in sth, be struck by sth.;

  拒绝,不给refuse, deny, withhold, keep back;

  欣赏enjoy, relish, appreciate;

  假装pretend, sham;

  膺品fake, sham;

  照管take care of , look after, tend;

  (使)恶化make sth. worse, aggravate, deteriorate, sour;

  主要的,首要的primary, main, chief,principal, sovereign。

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