阅读

2020考研英语:英语阅读中的“九大符号秘密”

来源:跨考2019-12-16

  距离2020考研初试仅剩几天时间,你的英语复习的怎么样了?俗话说得英语者得考研,得阅读者,得英语。阅读的考察大到篇章,小到标点符号,所以我们要掌握各个细节。下面小编为大家总结考研阅读中常用标点符号,一起来看看。

  1.逗号comma

  用于分割并列成分。考研重点:两个逗号之间,或者一个逗号之后,如果是补充说明成分时,跳过不看。Eg. Some huge American industries, such as consumer electronics, had shrunk or vanished in the face of foreign competition.

  2.句号period/fullstop

  ①用于陈述句,表示一个句子的结束,起分割切分句子作用。

  ②用于某些缩略词之后。比如Mr.、Ms.、etc.等等。如果句号作为简写符号使用,那么这个词语简写前后面的符号应该照常写上,因为简写号并非句号,也不遵循句号的语法。比如Entreprise Co.,Ltd或者I invited Tom,Jerry,etc..(注意两个点)。

  ③用作小数点

  3.问号

  考研英语阅读文章中的问号一般都是设问的功能,只问不答,答案不言自明。Eg1.考研难道没有价值吗?另外,如果开篇就是问句,那么则属于问题答案型文章,对问题的回答就是全文主旨。

  4.冒号(colon):冒号前后是从抽象到具体的过程,后面进一步补充说明前面的内容。

  Eg.1997 passage3 Q2

  60.The word "pervasive" (Line 1, Paragraph 2) might mean________.

  [A]widespread[B]overwhelming

  [C]piercing[D]fashionable

  We live in a society in which the medicinal and social use of substances (drugs) is pervasive: an aspirin to quiet a headache, some wine to be sociable, coffee to get going in the morning, a cigarette for the nerves.

  5.分号(semi-colon)前后是并列关系,包括结构上并列和语义上的并列。

  For us, this means that evolution is over; the biological Utopia has arrived. (2000 Passage2)

  6.引号(quotationmarks):①引用②强调③讽刺

  Eg1 “Scientific” creationism, which is being pushed by some for “equal time” in the classrooms whenever the scientific accounts of evolution are given, is based on religion, not science.

  7.括号(parentheses)①解释说明生词。②补充说明

  Drugs (substances) that affect the central nervous system and alter perception, mood, and behavior are known as psychoactive substances. (1997,Text 3)

  8.破折号(dash)

  ①一个破折号后面起补充说明或评价判断。

  I am an idiot - the stupidest kind of all.“This book stands for reason itself.” And so it does — and all would be well were reason the only judge in the creationism/evolution debate.

  ②两破折号之间其补充说明,可先跳过不看。

  In Australia—where an aging population, life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their part—other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia.

  9.省略号(ellipsis)...

  英文中的省略号的作用和汉语是一样的。当省略号在句围并且有下文时,应该打四个点,最后一个为句号。如:Anditflewfurther,andfurther,andfurther....Jorgesmiledandturnedback.当省略号在句尾并作为语气延长的作用时,应使用修辞前的标点,如:Doyouloveme...?其余情况下使用三个点。如:The Martians...they just...just bombed our...our town,please send...more...

  (注:本文来自网络,如有侵权,请联系删除)

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