阅读

21考研英语阅读理解常考词汇之:近义词和同义词

来源:跨考2020-07-02

  阅读理解是2021考研英语的重中之重,本身占据的分值就大,而且也是相对很难得分的一项。考研英语阅读理解在巩固词汇、培养情感、提高英语水平方面有着不可替代的作用,因此小编整理了2021考研英语阅读理解近义词和同义词类的常考词汇,希望大家能够学以致用。

  【近义词和同义词】

  控告某人犯了…… accuse sb. of sth, charge sb. with sth;

  夸大exaggerate,overestimate,overvalue,overrate,magnify;

  缩小(低估)underestimate,undervalue,minimize;

  使困惑puzzle,bewilder,confuse,perplex;

  影响affect, influence, impact (on), bear on ;

  控制control,dominate,curb,regulate,harness (=control and use);

  污染pollute,contaminate,foul;

  计算calculate,compute,reckon;

  出现appear,emerge,come into being;

  关心care for,foster,be concerned about;

  把……归因于owe … to,attribute … to,refer … to;

  减轻,缓解ease,alleviate,relieve;

  给予render,offer,impart,confer;

  实现realize,effect;

  炫耀show off ,parade;

  自尊心ego,pride,self-esteem,dignity;

  涌入crowd into,pour into,stream into,swarm into,pack into;

  体现express,embody;

  决定decide,determine,elect,make up one's mind;

  渴望desire,long (for),aspire to,pant;

  改进improve,mend;

  消除eliminate,remove,erase,get rid of;

  威胁threat,menace;

  聚精会神做be absorbed in doing,be immersed in doing;

  有偏见的biased,partial,prejudiced;

  损害spoil,impair,harm,endanger;

  包含,包括embrace,comprise,encompass,include;

  停止stop,halt,cease;

  持久last,endure;

  推进further,promote;

  上升rise,escalate,go up,climb;

  繁荣prosper, flourish,thrive;

  容忍bear,tolerate,put up with,brook;

  缺点shortcoming,defect,drawback,flaw,setback;

  指望,依靠count on,depend on,rely on,reckon on,bank on,lean on;

  倾向于tend to,be inclined to,be liable to,be apt to;

  怀疑的skeptical,dubious,doubtful,suspicious;

  减少decrease,decline, reduce,diminish,temper,moderate;

  索然无味的uninteresting,dull,tedious,boring;

  不偏不倚的impartial,detached,neutral,unbiased;

  有意的purposeful,deliberate,intentional;

  培训train,practice,nurture;

  不理会ignore,discount,disregard,pay no attention to,turn a deaf ear to;

  改变change,alter,modify,remold,reshape;

  增加increase,augment,add to,multiply;

  抛弃discard,abandon,desert,give up,get rid of;

  浪费waste;dissipate;

  废除abolish, do away with, scrap;

  揭露disclose,reveal,unveil;

  性格,脾气personality,disposition;

  谨慎的careful,discreet,prudent,cautious;

  厌恶,怨恨disgust,resent,hate;

  满足meet,satisfy,cater to;

  沉思,细想ponder,meditate,think deeply,dwell on;

  必然包含involve,entail;

  忽略,疏忽overlook, neglect,give no attention to;

  使沮丧,使失望disappoint, frustrate,dismay, let sb. down,depress;

  诱惑 lure, tempt, induce;

  讽刺satire, sarcasm,irony;

  造成,引起cause, pose, bring about, give rise to,evoke。

  发人深省set sb. thinking, be thought-provoking;

  利用make use of, take advantage of, utilize, harness;

  来自于come from, result from, arise from, stem from, derive from

  挫伤,使灰心:discourage, frustrate, upset;

  严肃的earnest, serious, grave, solemn;

  对…感兴趣be interested in sth, be struck by sth.;

  拒绝,不给refuse, deny, withhold, keep back;

  欣赏enjoy, relish, appreciate;

  假装pretend, sham;

  膺品fake, sham;

  照管take care of , look after, tend;

  (使)恶化make sth. worse, aggravate, deteriorate, sour;

  主要的,首要的primary, main, chief,principal, sovereign。

  (注:本文来自网络,如有侵权,请联系删除)

展开全文
公共课>英语>阅读

近期热点

相关推荐

2014考研英语冲刺:阅读拔高技巧详解

2014考研英语冲刺:阅读提分小技巧

2014年考研英语阅读理解高分手册

2014考研英语冲刺:快速定位阅读才是王道

2014考研英语冲刺:阅读真题解析(1)

2014考研英语冲刺:阅读真题解析(2)

2014考研英语冲刺:阅读真题解析(3)

大家都在看

收藏!2022考研最全的考研常识 你得有一份!

2022考研前期备考如何搜集考研信息?

2022考研报考常识:大学挂科会影响考研吗?

2022考研常识:考研初试及各科满分多少?

2022考研小白必须要了解的12个基本常识!

21考研择校:”图书情报与档案管理“学科院校排名

21考研择校:中国大学最顶尖”公共管理“学科名单

跨考分校

加盟