作文

【考研名师辅导】2020考研英语大作文写作经典框架

来源:跨考2019-10-16

  整张考研英语试卷中,写作恐怕是考生们复习最晚的一个科目了。一般大家都是从暑期之后才开始关注写作。这也是合理的,写作属于“输出”层面的,得先有输入才会有输出。但大家千万不要妄想自己可以闭门造车,积累了一些单词就可以写出好的文章来。应试类的写作都是有一些“套路”可寻的。最好要早点开始整理一些经典句式框架,这样才能在后期留给自己背和练习的时间,所以老师建议大家最晚十月也要启动写作的复习了。在此,老师给大家整理了考研英语大作文最常用的句式框架,希望作为大家写作复习前期的一个储备。

  考研英语大作文基本分三段:第一段描述图表或图片;第二段阐释图表图片意义并给出分析;第三段给出对图标图片的建议预测等总结:

  一、图画/图表描述段

  【例一】

  ①From the picture (graph / chart / table / pie / bar) , we know that 图表内容总概括.

  ②On the one hand, the left / first picture tells us that 情况一, 图一/表一的内容.

  ③On the other hand,(the right/second) picture informs us that 情况二,图二/表二的内容.

  ④It can easily be seen that 揭示图画/表寓意.

  【例二】

  ①As is vividly shown / described / depicted in the cartoon / picture, 图表内容总概括.

  ②In the first picture, 描述图 / 表一内容,如果是一个表, 则可左或上半部分.

  ③As is shown in the second drawing/picture, 描述图 / 表二内容, 如果是一个表, 则右或下半部分.

  ④It is safe to draw the conclusion that 提示寓意, 或主题句, 回应主题但不是主题句的重复.

  二、意义阐述段(图画作文)

  【例一】

  ①Judging from the pictures, we can clearly infer that the drawer’s intention is 主题句.

  ② 扩展句.

  ③For one thing / First of all / Firstly, 第一个层面.

  ④For another / Besides / Moreover / In addition / Secondly, 第二个层面.

  ⑤Thus / As a result / Therefore / Finally, 总结句.

  【例二】

  ①To begin with, the purpose of the drawings is to show us that 主题句 , yet the symbolic meanings subtly conveyed should be taken more seriously.

  ② 扩展句 is naturally associated with, to be specific 第一个层面 .

  ③Besides / Moreover / In addition, 第二个层面 .

  ④As a result / Therefore, 总结句 .

  三、原因阐释段(图画或图表作文)

  【例一】

  ①There are many reasons responsible for this phenomenon / case/ instance and the following are the typical ones.

  ② The first reason is that 理由一 .

  ③The second reason is that 理由二 .

  ④The third reason is that / A case in point is that/The typical example is that 理由三 .

  【例二】

  ①There are many reasons to explain / explaining the effect / phenomenon / case / instance.

  ②The most contributing one is / the main reason is no other than 理由一 .

  ③What is more, 理由二 .

  ④ 理由三 also play a role in this case.

  四、建议措施段(图画或图表作文)

  【例一】

  ①Considering all these reasons / this situation / Confronted with such a problem, I think we need to take some positive measures.

  ②On the one hand, 方法 / 建议一 .

  ③On the other hand, it is necessary for us to 方法 / 建议二 .

  ④Thus / Only in this way, can 总结自己的观点 / 建议 / 态度 .

  【例二】

  ①In order to improve the situation/To sum up the above argument / Confronted with such an issue/problem, we should find several solutions to it / need to take some positive measures.

  ②On the one hand/For one thing, we should 方法 / 建议一 .

  ③On the other hand/For another, 方法 / 建议二 .

  ④Therefore / Thus / Only in this way, can 段落总结句 .

  五、趋势预测段(图画或图表作文)

  【例一】

  ① Accordingly, it is vital for us to derive positive implications from these though-provoking drawings.

  ②On the one hand, we can frequently use them to enlighten that 主题 .

  ③On the other hand, we should be sensible enough to 观点 / 态度 .

  ④Only by 段落总结句 , and only in this way can we have a brilliant future.

  【例二】

  ①The effects of 主题 can never be overlooked.

  ②To start, 影响一 .

  ③More importantly, 影响二 .

  ④Hence, I believe that we will see a 提出展望 / Nevertheless, I do not think we will see a 或反面展望 , which has produced on can be boiled down to two major ones.

  以上给出的只是一个简单的框架,通过这个框架考生们可以了解考研英语大作文都写些什么,大家可以在此基础上进行丰富和扩展,形成自己的写作套图或者叫做模板。

  (本文为跨考教育教研室包婷婷老师原创,转载请注明出处。)

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