作文

2020考研英语作文高分法宝:结构(首段)

来源:跨考2019-10-18

  时间飞逝,临近考研初试,现在开始要重视英语作文了,只背模板的复习方式是远远不够的,除了用词准确、多样,句式有所突破外。想要获得高分,首先要了解这作文的的结构模式。下面小编在这里给大家整理了考研英语作文结构详细分析,供大家进行参考。

  通过研究历年考研真题可以发现,考研英语大作文基本上是3段结构。第一段描述图画,从图片描述的细节中推导出文章的主题。第二段揭示图画内涵,并对图画的内涵进行分析、论证。第三段总结全文,照应题目,点明主旨,深化中心。

  接下来,我们仔细分析下首段该怎么去写。

  01首段方法

  根据考研大作文的结构框架可知,大作文的首段主要就是描述图片,从图片描述的细节中推导出文章的主题。这种对图画进行描述,并给出自己理解的方法叫作现象阐释法。现象阐释法是考研大作文首段最常用的一种方法。描述图画并且由对图画的描写过渡到个人观点或者图画内涵的提出这两个部分至关重要。这两个部分常用的句式如下:

  (一)描述图画

  1. The cartoon vividly depicts . 这幅漫画生动地描述了。

  2. As is described in the picture, . 如图中所描述的,。

  3. As is vividly indicated in the above drawing/picture, .

  如上图生动地描述的那样,。

  4. The drawing, thought-provoking as it is, does mirror a social phenomenon that .

  这幅发人深省的图画的确反映了这样一个社会现象:。

  5. In the cartoon presented to us, . Obviously, what the cartoon illustrates/reveals is .

  在展现给我们的图片中,。显然,该图片说明/揭示的是。

  6. As is symbolically depicted in the drawing above, . Although the drawing is designed simply, it does reveal that .

  正如上图象征性地描绘的一样,。虽然该图很简单,它确实反映了。

  7. As is vividly illustrated in the cartoon, . The central point of this cartoon is that .

  正如漫画中生动展示的,。该漫画的主旨是。

  8. As the bar chart shows, the number of has dramatically increased/decreased during the years from to .

  如柱状图所示,的数量从年到年年之间急剧增加/减少。

  9. From the graph, we know the statistics of and . It can be seen easily that .

  从图表中我们可知和的数据。我们可以很容易地看出。

  10. From the bar chart, it is clear that between and the amount of ranged from to .

  从柱状图中可以清楚地看到,从到,的数量在到之间变化。

  11. As the bar chart shows, great changes concerning took place between and .

  柱状图表明,从到,发生了很大的变化。

  12. As can be seen in the graph, saw great changes in between and .

  从图表可知,在到之间,发生了巨大变化。

  13. Recently, the rise in the problem of has aroused public/wide concern.

  近来,问题的增加已经引起了公众/广泛的关注。

  14. Recently, the issue of has been brought into focus/brought to public attention.

  近来,问题已经成为人们关注的焦点。

  15. The problem of has caused wide concern over recent years.

  近年来,问题已经引起了广泛的关注。

  16. With the rapid growth of , have/has become increasingly important in our daily life.

  随着的快速增长,在我们的日常生活中已经变得越来越重要。

  17. Now there is a growing awareness/recognition of the necessity to .

  如今,人们越来越意识到的必要性。

  18. Now people in growing/significant numbers are beginning/coming to realize/be aware that .

  如今,越来越多的人开始意识到。

  19. After a good many years of enthusiasm for , people begin to .

  热衷于多年之后,人们开始。

  20. One of the burning/pressing problems facing/confronting our nation/society today is .

  我们的国家/社会今天面临的紧迫问题之一是。

  21. With playing an increasingly important role in , more and more .

  随着在中的作用日益重要,越来越多的。

  22. Whenever you see/find , you can't help being shocked/surprised at .

  每当看到/发现的时候,你会不禁为感到震惊/惊讶。

  23. Undoubtedly this picture describes a scenario that .

  毫无疑问,这幅图画描述了这样一个情景。

  24. The drawing given above portrays a thought-provoking scene that .

  上面的图画为我们展示了一个发人深省的场景。

  (二) 引出个人观点或图画内涵

  1. This picture demonstrates one of the basic theories of philosophy: .

  这幅图片展现了哲学的一个基本理论:。

  2. Such a picture draws attention to the fact that .

  这样一种画面吸引我们注意到这样的现实:。

  3. The purpose of the drawing is to show us that .

  这幅画是为了向我们展示。

  4. The painter reminds us of a common social phenomenon: .

  画的作者提醒我们注意一个普遍的社会现象:。

  5. From the picture above we are informed that .

  从上面这幅图片,我们可以得知。

  6. It ironically depicts the common phenomenon that .

  图片讽刺地描绘了一个普遍的社会现象:。

  7. This drawing reflects a prevailing trend that .

  这幅图片揭示了当今一个大趋势:。

  8. What the above pictures intend to illustrate is that .

  上面的图画意在说明。

  9. The aim of the portrayal is to illustrate that . 这幅画旨在说明。

  10. The drawing reveals a thought-provoking truth that .

  这幅图画揭示了一个发人深省的道理。

  11. Apparently, the painter wishes to draw our attention to the social phenomenon that .

  显然,绘画者希望我们注意这样一个社会现象。

  12. The simple but thought-provoking cartoon tends to highlight nothing but .

  这幅简单却发人深省的漫画强调了。

  13. The primary purpose of the drawings is to emphasize .

  图画的主要目的是强调。

  (注:本文来自网络,如有侵权,请联系删除)

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