作文

2020考研英语大作文写作逻辑及分段通用句式盘点

来源:跨考2019-12-04

  2020考研初试临近,考研er的压力越来越大了,考研要想拿下英语,作文是关键。无论是英一还是英二都包括两部分小作文和大作文。考研英语大作文占考研英语20分,考试形式一般为图画作文,下面小编先帮大家理清一下全文的写作逻辑再给大家提供全文写作模板通用句,希望对大家有所帮助。

  考研英语大作文全文写作逻辑

  第一段第一句写场景信息或人做的事情或第一幅图;第二句写特殊信息或第二幅图;第三句写图画下面的文字;第四句话点题(如果第三句话已经说明主题,第四句话省略)。

  第二段第一句写图画反映的社会现象;第二句话用数据举例说明第一句(这句话可以省略);第三句—第六句需要分主题写作:正面主题写“这样做的好处+不这样做的坏处”;负面主题写“成因+后果”;争议主题写“支持者观点+反对者观点”。

  第三段第一句写总结;第二句写建议;第三句写展望。

  考研英语大作文全文写作模板

  说明:下面模板的内容完全吻合上面的“全文写作逻辑”:

  第一段

  第一句:As is shown in this enlightening cartoon,+描图句子(三种写法)

  (1)Sb, 表情副词(插入语), is doing sth,doing sth

  (2)There be sb doing sth and doing sth+地点+时间

  (3)There be sth+地点

  第二句:what impresses me most is that+简单句

  第三句:会翻译:The caption /title of this picture is+短语/is that+图中文字的翻译句或者不会翻译:The caption in this pictureindicates/suggests/implies that+主题句

  第四句:Common as it atfirst glance, this picture is brimming with illumination after your seriouspondering:主题句(三种)

  (1) 主题词_plays an irreplaceable role in our life.

  (2) Sb be devoidof sth 或者主题词 be detrimental.

  (3) 主题词 is actually both blessed and cursed

  第二段

  1.第一句:The current days / recent years / modern society/ recent world has witnessed the phenomenon of 主题词/that +句子

  注:上句话中的phenomenon的替换词有:development,looming threat,issue,tendency,problem

  2.第二句:用数据论证第一句

  According to a survey made by Sina, there be % sb (not) doing sth.

  3.第三句—第五句需要分主题:

  (1)正面主题

  第三句:Possessing this virtue美德/quality品质/value价值观/notion理念/doing sth(主题),one can not only+动词词组but also +动词词组

  (动词短语)

  容易成功

  achieve success/victory/triumph more easily

  加强沟通

  enhance and increase communication

  减少遭受到失败和挫折的几率

  reduce the rate of suffering from failure and adversity.

  获得成就感/满足感/幸福感

  Acquire the sense of achievement/contentment/happiness

  得到他人的尊敬

  obtain respect from others

  享受良好的人际关系

  enjoy harmonious interpersonal relationship.

  建立成就、创造财富、为社会做贡献

  Constitute/establish achievement,create/accumulate wealth and make contribution to our society.

  取长补短

  learn from other’s strong points and offset one’s weakness

  第四句:Moreover ,主题词/this virtue美德/quality品质/value价值观/notion理念+lays a solid foundation for+名词词组

  (名词词组)

  社会风气:general mood of society

  可持续性发展:sustainable development of…

  个人成长:personal growth

  身心健康:our personal mental and physical health

  和谐稳定:social harmony and stability

  生态平衡:ecological balance

  经济发展:economic development

  科技进步:technology development/advances

  文化交流:cultural exchanges/communication

  第五句:If the significance of主题词 cannot be realized properly and promptly, individuals/ourwhole society/名词词组will suffer a great deal.

  (2)负面主题

  第三句:Careful deliberation of this trend has illuminated me on why this should be so.

  第四句:从下列八个句子中挑出合适的一句话或者两句话就可以:

  1.政策漏洞:There are policy bugs on sth/doing sth

  2.监管不到:Authorities concerned exercise inadequate supervision on sth/doing sth.

  3.不良社会风气:Undesirable general mood of society should shoulder the blame(condemn,scold), such as the gradual loss of sense of social responsibility . 不良的社会风气应该被责备,比如:社会责任感的丢失。

  4.激烈的竞争:sb wish to escape from fierce competition.

  5.沉溺于经济利益而忽视社会效益sb are preoccupied with economic benefits but neglect (ignore, disregard,regardless,overlook)social interests.

  6.不恰当的教育理念:People/Schools haven’t realizeddisastrousconsequences of inappropriate notion of education.

  7.求同思维:Owing to convergent thinking, individuals easily neglect their own opinion and are always impelled by the tendency to follow the crowd and drift with the current.归因于求同思维,个人容易忽视自己的观点而随波逐流

  8.缺乏自我约束:Lackof/Lacking self-discipline constitutes one of the primary reasons for thisissue/this phenomenon.缺乏自我约束,是这个现象或者事情的主要原因。

  第五句(后果):If there is nocompelling(强制) interference to reverse this trend, individuals are/our society is /our homeland is bound to be influenced adversely.

  第六句(后果的具体表现):To be specific,后面从下面的九个句子中挑出合适的内容:

  1.环境损失: Huge environmental losses may occur.

  2.生命或社会繁荣面临危险:People’s lives and social property(Sth good) will be put at risk.

  3.社会稳定/安全将会受到危害:Social stability/security/safety may be endangered.

  4.社会风气将会被污染:Social atmosphere will be poisoned.或者It may lead to degradation of social atmosphere.

  以上四个直接用。

  如果要用后面的5个后果,需要先加上下面这句话:

  It may bring about damaging impact on +后面五个后果

  5.可持续性发展:sustainable development of(个人、经济、社会)

  6.社会风气: general mood of society,

  社会和谐稳定social harmonyand stability

  7.身心健康:mental and physical health

  8.个人成长:personal growth

  9.生态平衡:ecological balance

  (3)争议类主题:

  第三句(引导句):Divergent views are often voiced by advocates and opponents with regard to主题词.

  第四句(支持者观点):Those who lend their support to the virtue/quality/value/notion/主题词 argue that doing sth(主题), one can not only+动词词组but also +动词词组

  Eg:Those who lend their support to the internet argue that by surfing theinternet, one can not only abtain information but also learn knowledges.

  第五句(反对者观点):

  过渡词:However, yet, on the contrary, in / by contrast,contrarily, whereas, while,those whoare against it have also come up with some novel ideas to counter the argument(s), maintaining that+it may pose a potential threat to+sth:动名词词组/名词词组.

  第三段(总结+建议+展望)

  第一句:Taking the above mentioned into consideration, I reckon+第一或第二或第三

  第一:that not until we realize the importance of 主题词///the fact that+主题句and put it into practice,can we foster it deliberately and make a better progress.

  (正面类)直到我认识到主题词的重要性/某个事实的重要性,并且把它付诸实践,我们才可以进一步取得进步。

  第二,that not until we realize the severity of主题词///the fact that+主题句 and take active counter measures, can we foster a complete stop to this problem and make a better progress.(负面类)

  直到我们认识到主题词的重要性或者某个事实,我们才能够完全阻止这个问题并且做出更好的进步。

  第三:that, although it is hard to reach a consensus among the public on this issue, the advantages of 主题词outweigh its disadvantages.(争议类)虽然很难关于这个事情在公众当中达成一致,但是我认为主题词的好处大于坏处。

  Eg: Taking the above mentioned into consideration,I reckon that not until we realize the importance of cooperation andput it into practice,can we foster it deliberately and make a better progress.

  第二句:

  建议政府或者媒体

  In light of the gravity of+主题词/the issue discussed above, 政府/媒体 should shoulder the responsibility to do sth

  考虑到上面提到的主题词或者这件事的重要性,政府或者媒体应该肩负起“素材”的责任。

  建议学校或者个人

  I reckon it is prime time that 学校/个人 should do sth

  素材(do sth)

  1)政府(do sth)

  issue related laws and regulations 颁布相应的法规

  enhance supervision on sth加强监管

  punish those who are against laws惩罚违法的人

  set up sound social security system\sound legal system

  建立良好的社保体系/健全的法律体系

  remedy policy bugs弥补政策漏洞

  ensure the interests of citizens,确保公民的利益

  increase financial input to do sth/for sth

  增加做某事的财政投入。

  2)媒体 the media(dosth)

  advocate and publicize the notion/quality/the value of +主题词

  倡导和宣传这个理念/这个品质/主题词的价值。

  initiate a campaign against sth\for sth

  发起一场支持或者反对sth的运动。

  3)学校(do sth)

  Strengthen moral education加强道德教育

  help students to cultivate a more acceptable value,帮助学生培养更加合理的价值观

  guide students to be more innovative\optimistic\contributive,

  引导学生变的更加有创新性/乐观/乐于奉献

  guide students in the right direction

  引导学生到正确的方向上

  care for needy students,关注有需要的学生

  encourage students to do sth鼓励学生做某事

  4)个人

  foster the notion/virtue deliberately

  有意识地培养理念/美德

  consolidate self-discipline on this issue.加强自我约束

  release pressure( stress strain) 减压

  know the reason that one reaps what one sows

  明白“种瓜得瓜种豆得豆”的道理

  be brave to confront twists and turns, 勇敢面对挫折

  be optimistic\independent\ self-confident\ persistent

  变的乐观/独立/自信/懂得坚持

  lay a solid foundation for future career,

  为未来的职业奠定坚实基础

  make a wise option, 做出明智的选择

  第三句:

  负面:If we can take immediate action as the above mentioned, this undesirable phenomenon can surely be eliminated sooner or later.

  如果我们立即采取上面提到的措施,这个不好的现象就可以迟早被消除掉。

  正面:In a word,although it`s easier said than done, we can make it with perseverance/ourlongstanding effort and stamina.

  虽然说比做容易,但是,我们可以用我们的坚持或者长期的不懈努力实现这一目标。

  争议:As long as we can capitalize its strength and dodge its adverse aspects, wecan definitely benefit remarkably from it.

  只要我们能够放大它的优点,规避它的缺点,我们就一定能够从它受益。

  (注:本文来自网络,如有侵权,请联系删除)

展开全文

  2020年的最后一个假期已经结束,2021考研报名已经正式开启,考研报名中常见问题及注意事项可参见下方表格中的文章,想要临考刷真题,也可前往真题频道(https://www.kuakao.com/pindao/kyzt/)。今年考研人数预计突破400w,明年会更多!时间已经取消了你摇摆不定的资格,定制化的突破与提升势在必行,魔鬼集训营冲刺密押班,助你争分夺秒战考研!

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