X
跨考考研 搜一搜
跨考考研
跨考考研
跨考考研
跨考考研
2009年考研英语语法及时态复习指导_跨考网
跨考考研2008-05-27
来源跨考网整理
跨考考研

一、以下几类动词一般不能用于进行时及完成进行时

(1)表示感知的动词:hear,feel,notice,recognize,see,taste,smell;

(2)表示意愿、情感的动词:desire,dislike,forgive,hate,like,love,prefer,refuse,want,wish,fear,love,hate;

(3)表示思考、看法的动词:believe,doubt,expect,forget,hope,feel,mean,know,agree,realize,mind,recall,recollect,remember,trust,suppose;

(4)表示所有、占有的动词:belong to,owe,own,possess,hold(容纳);

(5)其他动词:cost,appear,concern,contain,consist,deserve,matter,seem.

如:I'd say whenever you are going after something that is belonging to you, anyone who is depriving you of the right to have it is criminal.(1997年考研题,belong表示归属,不用于进行式)

He was seeing somebody creeping into the house through the open window last night(1990年考研题,see表示结果,不用于进行式)

二、不用will/shall表达将来时的形式

(1)be going to表示现在的打算和意图;

(2)arrive,come,drive,go,leave,retire,return,set off,start,take off等表示移位的动词的进行体表示按计划肯定要发生的将来动作;

(3)be to (do)表示安排、计划、决定、命令或注定要发生的事,如:Greater efforts to increase agricultural production must be made if food shortage is to be avoided.

(4)be about to (do)表示将要(做),如:Marlin is a young man of independent thinking who is not about to pay compliments to his political leaders.

(5)be on the point/verge of (doing)表示“马上就要”,一般不与表示将来的时间状语连用;

(6)be,begin,come,depart,get off,go,leave,return,start的一般现在时表示按日历或时刻表要发生的将来动作或事件,如:If you want your film to be properly processed, you'll have to wait and pick it up on Friday, which is the day after tomorrow.

(7)在时间、条件、让步从句中,一般现在时代替将来时,但要注意区别从句的类型,如:

I don't know where he will go tomorrow. 我不知道他明天去哪儿。(宾语从句)

I'll tell him when you will ring again. 我告诉他你什么时候再来电话。(宾语从句)

比较:I'll tell him when you ring again.你再打电话时我告诉他。(状语从句)

(8)在make sure,make certain,see (to it) 后的that从句中,谓语动词用一般现在时代替将来时,如:

See to it that you include in the paper whatever questions they didn't know the answer to last time.(include 不能用will include或其他形式)

三、注意与完成时连用的句型和时间状语

(1)by/between/up to/till+过去时间、since、by the time/when+表示过去发生情况的从句,主句用过去完成时。如:

We had just had our breakfast when an old man came to the door.

Between 1897 and 1919 at least 29 motion pictures in which artificial beings were portrayed had been produced.(表示1919年时已发生的情况)

(2)by+将来时间、by the time/when+谓语动词是一般现在时的从句,主句用将来完成时。如:

By the time you arrive in London, we will have stayed in Europe for two weeks.

I hope her health will have improved greatly by the time we come back next year.

(3)by now、since+过去时间、in/during/for/over/the past/last few(或具体数字)years/days/months,主句用现在完成时,但在it is+具体时间since/before这一句型中,主句更多的时候不用完成时。如:

The changes that howe taken place place in air travel during the last sixty years would have seemed completely impossible to even the most brilliant scientists at the turn of the 19th century.

It is four years since John left school.

(4)在It is the+序数词/形容词最高级+that的定语从句中,谓语动词常用现在完成时。如:It isn''t the first time that I have found myself in an embarrassing situation.

(5)在no sooner…than…,hardly/scarcely…when/before…句型中,主句常用过去完成时。

(6)其他与完成时连用的时间状语:all this while,all this year,for some time,so far,already,before,just,long,yet等。

四、完成进行时指动作在完成时的基础上还要继续下去

The company has been promising a rise in salary for ages,but nothing has happened.

The school board listened quietly as John read the demand that his followers had been demonstrating for.

时态、语态答题思路:

(1)先根据选项的区别点确定考题要点为时态,然后回到题句中寻找给出的或暗示的时间状语,缩小选择范围,进而选出正确答案;

(2)根据谓语动词与句子主语或非谓语动词与其逻辑主语的关系,确定句子是主动语态还是被动语态。

查看更多

  2022考研初复试已经接近尾声,考研学子全面进入2023届备考,跨考为23考研的考生准备了10大课包全程准备、全年复习备考计划、目标院校专业辅导、全真复试模拟练习和全程针对性指导;2023考研的小伙伴针也已经开始择校和复习了,跨考考研畅学5.0版本全新升级,无论你在校在家都可以更自如的完成你的考研复习,暑假集训营带来了院校专业初步选择,明确方向;考研备考全年规划,核心知识点入门;个性化制定备考方案,助你赢在起跑线,早出发一点离成功就更近一点!

点击右侧咨询或直接前往了解更多

考研院校专业选择和考研复习计划
2023备考学习 2023线上线下随时学习 34所自划线院校考研复试分数线汇总
2022考研复试最全信息整理 全国各招生院校考研复试分数线汇总
2023全日制封闭训练 全国各招生院校考研调剂信息汇总
2023考研先知 考研考试科目有哪些? 如何正确看待考研分数线?
不同院校相同专业如何选择更适合自己的 从就业说考研如何择专业?
手把手教你如何选专业? 高校研究生教育各学科门类排行榜

当前位置: 首页> 考研专业课> 正文
考研专业课相关栏目
跨考考研
考研热点
推荐阅读
推荐课程
跨考考研
2022全年魔鬼集训营二期
跨考考研开班时间:2021.4.20
在线咨询跨考考研
跨考考研
2022大三抢先学
跨考考研开班时间:每月20日
在线咨询跨考考研
Copyright©2008-2020 北京尚学硕博教育咨询有限公司
公司地址:北京市西城区宣武门庄胜广场中央办公楼南翼19层
客服电话:400-833-2220
跨考考研