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介词短语在句中分析与翻译的实例2_跨考网
跨考考研2008-01-11
来源跨考网整理
跨考考研
         21Inability to build high-voltage generators and motors gives to the transformer immediate  recognition as a highly flexible link between the generation and distribution of electrical energy

    制造高压发电机和高压电动机是不可能的,这就立即使人们认识到变压器是发电与配电之 间灵活性很高的中间环节。  (本句是简单句。主语是inability,谓语是gives,宾语是recognition。不定式短语to build。..motors作定语,修饰inabilitygive recognition to...as..·,“承认……是……”。介词短语between—.energy作定语,修饰link)

       22The mildness of its climatewith slight temperature variations and infrequent rainfallcombined with a high average level of sunshine and brilliant shiesa11 make it idea for tourism  whether by winter or by summer    

    宜人的气候、变化不大的温度、稀少的雨量、灿烂的阳光以及明媚的天空,所有这一切使 突尼斯成为冬夏理想的旅游胜地。(with...和combined with把三个主语连接起来。all是总括词,总括上述的三个主语。ideait宾语补足语。it代替上文中Tunisia突尼斯。bywinter...这里by作“当……时候”解。例:They don't work by day but by night.他们日间不工作,夜间工作。whether..or,“不论是……还是”,用作连词,连接两个并列成分。)

    23We explain the differences between gases and liquids bysaying that the molecules in a liquid are not moving about so fredy as the molecules in a gas and are very much closer together

液体分子不像气体分子那样能自由地到处运动,而是比较紧密地聚集在一起,我们以此来解释气体和液体之间的区别。(介词短语by saying...作方式方法状语,说明谓语explain)

    24For about the last 200 yearsthe structural theory has been devdoped by scientistsmathematicians and engineerswith the very practical object of providing a reliable basis for the design of structures by calculation

    大约近200年来,科学家、数学家和工程师们发展了结构理论,其目的在于通过计算给结构物的设计工作提供可*的基础。  (with...obiect...for...是介词复合结构,起目的状语作用。)

    25By the quiet persistence of the truth-seekers  working upstream against the flow of ancient prejudicemankind has entered into new realm of healthand the borderlines of death have been  pressed farther back

    由于真理探索者顶着守旧派偏见的逆流,默默无闻、坚持不懈地努力工作,人类才得以进 入了新的健康王国,而死亡的界线则被抛到离我们更远的地方。(介词短语By...truth-seekers用作原因状语,说明谓语动词hasentered)    

    26When a man picks up a weight from the floor and raises it above his head  he has in effect  inserted his body between the weight and the earth and pushed the weight one way with his handsand thee arth the other way with his feet

    当一个人从地板上拿起重物并把它举到头顶上时,实际上他是把自己的身体置于重物与地 面之间,他用双手朝着一个方向推着重物,而用双脚朝着另一方向推着地面。(pick up,“拿起”。in effect,“实际上”。one way,“朝着一个方向”。the other way"朝着另一方向”。这两个短语前均省略介词in,作状语。andthe earth之间省略了谓语pushed)

    27But this is not possible because of the size of the countrywith the distance from Dehli to Madrasfor examplebeing greater than that from London to Rome

    但这是不可能的,因为印度面积大,譬如,从德里到马德拉斯的距离,就比伦敦到罗马还 要远。(with,名词+分词的结构,可用作状语和定语。句中with the distance..。being用作定 语,对size进行补充说明。that from...that代替distance)

    28Even at this moment many Of the earth's natural treasures are being destroyedmanyvaluable animals and plants are been killed offit is becoming increasingly difficult to grow enough  foods to preserve much of the earth's population from stavation

    甚至现在,地球上的许多自然财富正遭到破坏,许多珍稀动植物已面临灭绝之灾,为使地球上大多数人口免于饥饿而生产出足够的粮食也越来越困难了。(to preserve...from,“使……免于”。)

    29If the EarthMoon and Sun move into a direct linewith the Moon in the middlethe dark body of the Moon blots out the briliant disk of the Sunand we witness a solar eslipse

    假如地球、月球和太阳运行到一条直线上,月球在中间,那么月球的暗体就遮住了太阳的亮盘,于是我们便看到日食。(with the Moon in the middlewith引出的介词复合结构,在句中起补充说明作用。)

    30As natural science treats of the mutual transformationchanges and development of various kinds of matterit is of great tmportance for us to make a profound study of it so that we may control the phenomena of nature  

自于自然科学研究的是各种物质的相互转化、变化和发展,因而我们深入研究自然科学以便控制各种自然现象,这具有重大意义。(treat of..,"论述”。带逻辑主体for us的不定式短浯to make...nature作主语,it是形式主语。so that引导目的状语从句。be of..,“具有”。)

    31With irrigation came surplus foodwhich meant that large numbers of people were freed trom the land to pursue nonagrarian specialitiestechnological developmentscholarship for its  sake——and war

    随着有了灌溉,粮食就有了剩余,这就意味着大批人就可解脱出来从事农业以外的工作一发展工艺,研究其学问——甚至参加战争。  (with...“随着”,引导的短语作状语。

  With the approach of sunset it became chillycome surplus food是倒装语序,food是主语,came是谓语。which引导特种定语从句,指上句话。不定式to pursue..。war有结果状语的意味。)

    32First of all  Kepler found that each planet goes around the sun in a curve called an ellipsewith the sun at a focus of the ellipse·    -

    开普勒首先发现了每个行星都以椭圆曲线绕太阳运行,太阳则位于椭圆的焦点。(with the  sun at,..为介词复合结构作状语,补充说明。)  

  33It should be noted that a rocket does not depend on the atmosphere for its propulsionbut would actually perform better in the absence of an atmosphere becauseOf lessened air resistance

    应该注意,火箭的推力与大气无关,在没有大气的情况下,由于空气阻力减小,火箭实际上会运行得更好。(in the absence of anatmosphere含有虚拟条件的意味。)

    34Electrical power is always carried over long distances as a high-tension current at low-currentstrengthIt is also sent as an alternating currentfor such current is comparatively easily transformed eitherup ordown in voltage

    电力总是以高电压低电流的方式进行远距离输送的,又是以交流电的形式送电的,因为这种交流电易于升压或降压。(两个as构成的介词短语都用作方式方法状语,分别说明iscarriedissent)

  35When one considers the immense change in the size and reliability of computers and all other electronic devices that has taken placeit is clean that computers for doing this type of control of movement according to sense impression will certainly be available

    当我们考虑到计算机和其他所有电子器件在尺寸和可*性方面所发生的极大变化时,就不难明白,根据感觉进行这类活动控制的计算机一定会出现。(for...movementcomputers的定语,介词短语according to sense impression作状语,说明动名词doing)

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